Following Instructions and Going with the Flow

or other interfered with other people and hence one was locked up.

I realized that the term "psychosis" was a cultural social term as well as a term having to do with intemal states. As with many people, my realization grew when I read the books of two unconventional psychiatrists (Thomas Szasz's The Myth of Mental Illness.1 and Psychiatric Justice,2 and Ronald Laings The Politics of Experience, 3 ) The internal states present in psychosis can be multitudinous.

At this symposium psychosis was discussed at length in these terms and the various speakers ranged from a Polish and a Czechoslovakian psychiatrist to some of the Esalen staff people. Their conclusions were that psychosis, as looked at classically, has very little meaning. It is the states of consciousness and the confinement that lead to the evolution of self.

Several people present had been through psychotic episodes and they reported how beneficial this was to their subsequent life. The thing of interest to me was that these people had been able to go into special states of consciousness and stay there for a day, weeks, or months. This seemed to me to be a surprising kind of talent. With LSD or the tank or both or with hypnosis I had achieved these states only for a few hours. During these states, I was completely aware that if they were to persist beyond the time of the experiment, my close relatives, friends, and colleagues would be upset. The best thing to do was to come back instead of staying in tbese states. The essence of psychosis seems to be that one goes into one of these special states and then refuses

1: New York: Harper & Row, 1961. New York: Delta paperback, Dell, 1971.
2: New York: Macmillan, 1965
3: New York Pantheon, 1967. New York: paperback, Ballantine

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